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Friday, August 5, 2011

Learning Kayan Language from Sarawak,Borneo.

INTRODUCTION-
Kayan phrasebook
Kayan (Malay: Bahasa Kayan, Kayan: Dahun Kayan) is the language spoken in Ulu Baram area in Marudi district, which is a part of the Miri division ofSarawak, Malaysia and Kalimantan,Indonesia. Kayan is one of the languages that belong to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family group. It is one of the minority languages in Malaysia and Indonesia. Kayan is spoken by the Kayan tribe and it is partially intelligable with Kenyah language.There are two distinct dialects of Kayan,which is Kayan Baram and Kayan Rejang. Together with the tribes of Kenyah, Kelabit, Sa'ban, Lun Bawang and Penan, they were grouped together as Orang Ulu tribe. Some non-Kayan people may understand the Kayan language as well. Kayan is spoken by about 30,000 speakers, both in Sarawak, Malaysia and the Kalimantan region of Indonesia.

Pronunciation guide
Kayan is an easy language to learn.Kayan language contains a lot of loanword from Malay,English,Chinese,Iban and many other local languages.There's no tones and gender to be observed in daily conversation with the Kayans.Note that in Malaysia,the Kayan Baram and Kayan Rejang dialect is nearly unintelligable with each other.Generally,Kayan would be referred to as Kayan Baram.This phrasebook is dedicated solely to Kayan Baram dialect.

Basics

Hello. 
Kenun dengah. (ka-NOON-dunk-AH )
Hello. (informal
Nun dengah. (NOON-dunk-AH )
How are you? 
Sayu ka ika' ya? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
Sayu ka akui,. ( )
What is your name? 
Kenun aran ka du? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
______ aran kui. ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Sayu kenep deng pepsuk dahim. ( )
Please. 
Tulung. ( )
Thank you. 
Trimak kasih/Sayu kenep men ikak/ikam lim/kelo. ( )
You're welcome. 
Sayu kenep ka mn ika lahuh. ( )
Yes. 
Ie. ( )
No. 
Nusik/Usik. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Akei asi. ( )
I'm sorry. 
Akei asi kui. ( )
Goodbye 
Pepsuk la'an. ( )
Goodbye (informal
Bai. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
Nusi kui jam/haman duan dahun Kayan[lan-lan ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
Jam ika' duan dahun urang puti du? ( ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Tek hi hi hak inih jam duan dahun urang puti du? ( ?)
Help! 
Tulung! ( !)
Look out! 
Jaga! ( !)
Good morning. 
Selamet jehima. ( )
Good evening. 
Selamet ngedau. ( )
Good night. 
Selamet malem. ( )
Good night (to sleep
Selamet malem. ( )
I don't understand. 
Nusi kui jam. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
Ha' hino' jaben du? ( ?)


Problems


Leave me alone. 
Meng kasau akui. (...)
Get lost! 
Lap im! ("...")
Don't touch me! 
Meng gem akui! (...)
I'll call the police. 
Akui seng bara pulis anih. (...)
Police! 
Pulis! (...)
Help! 
Tulung! ("...")
Stop! Rapist! 
Meng lap! Kelunan buling ketamak! ("...")
Stop! Thief! 
Meng lap! Kelunan nakau! (...)
I need your help. 
Akui pelu lan ikak tulung akui. (...)
It's an emergency. 
Hen dekaya anih..mesti salet. (...)
I'm lost. 
Lingok kui. (...)
I lost my bag. 
Padek beg kui. (...)
I lost my wallet. 
Padek beg sin kui. (...)
I'm sick. 
Perah kui. (...)
I feel dizzy. 
Perah kahung kui. ("...")
I've been injured. 
Ga' kui. (...)
I'm bleeding. 
Daha kui. ("...")
I need to see a doctor. 
Akui pelu jupak duktun. (...)
Can I use your phone? 
Deng akui pakei/pijam telifon ika' ya? (...)

Numbers

Kusung
Ji
Duak
Telok
Pat
Limak
Nem
Tusu
Sayak
Pitan
10 
Pulu
11 
Puli ji
12 
Pulu duak
13 
Pulu telok
100 
Ji atuh
110 
Ji atuh pulu
111 
Ji atuh pulu ji
1,000 
Ji libuk
10,000 
Pulu libuk
11,000 
Pulu ji libuk
100,000 
Ji atuh libuk
1,000,000 
Ji juta
10,000,000 
Pulu juta
100,000,000 
Ji atuh juta
1,000,000,000 
Ji biliun / Ji libuk juta
number _____ (car, bus,house etc.
(kelita', bes,uma ) lubun _____ (...)
half 
ji hunang (...)
less 
kurang (...)
more 
lebih (...)
roughly (more or less) 
lebih kurang

Time


now 
kerei nih (...)
later 
na'a (...)
before 
em pian (...)
after 
uh / uh anih (...)
morning 
jehima
afternoon 
belua dau
evening 
levi
night 
malem


Clock time


one o'clock AM 
pukun ji jehima (...)
two o'clock AM 
pukun dua' jehima (...)
noon 
belua dau (...)
one o'clock PM 
pukun ji levi (...)
two o'clock PM 
pukun dua' levi (...)
midnight 
belua malem (...)


Duration

_____ second(s) 
_____ siken (SEE-khen)
_____ minute(s) 
_____ minit (MI-nit)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ jam (jahm)
_____ day(s) 
_____ dau (DHAW)
_____ week(s) 
_____ migu (MEE-goo)
_____ month(s) 
_____ bulan (BOO-lahn)
_____ year(s) 
_____ duman (dhu-MAHN)
_____ hour(s) and _____ minute(s) 
If the minute is in numbers, _____jam _____ minit. If the minute is expressed as a fraction of the hour e.g two and a half hour: dua jam ji unang.
Days
today 
dau anih (...)
yesterday 
dahlem
the day before yesterday 
dahlem dahlem dih / dau em pian men dahlem dih
tomorrow 
jima
the day after tomorrow 
jima jima / jima atih / dua' dau la'an
three days after today 
telo dau la'an
this week 
migu anih
last week 
migu areh
next week 
migu atih
Sunday 
Dau Migu / Dau Tusu
Monday 
Dau Ji
Tuesday 
Dau Dua'
Wednesday 
Dau Telo'
Thursday 
Dau Pat
Friday 
Dau Lima'
Saturday 
Dau Nem

Months

January 
Bulan Ji
February 
Bulan Dua'
March 
Bulan Telo'
April 
Bulan Pat
May 
Bulan Lima'
June 
Bulan Nem
July 
Bulan Tusu
August 
Bulan Saya'
September 
Bulan Pitan
October 
Bulan Pulu
November 
Bulan Pulu Ji
December 
Bulan Pulu Dua'
Writing time
1.00 
pukun ji
1.01 
pukun ji ,ji minit
1.15 
pukun ji ,pulu lima minit
1.20 
pukun ji ,dua' pulu minit
1.30 
pukun ji ji unang / pukun ji telo' pulu minit
1.40 
pukun ji pat pulu minit
1.45 
pukun ji pat pulu lima' minit / Pulu lima' minit jeleng pukun dua'
As in Malay,the hours are written from zero to 12. So 06.00 PM is written as 6.00PM.

Date
First one should write the day, after that the month and then the year,as in Malay
September 3rd 1986 
3hb September 1986 : 03/09/1986 ; 3/9/1986

Colors

Kayan have limited names for color.For example the word "Nyemit" can mean either blue,yellow or green.
black 
pitem (')
white 
puti (POO-te)
red 
bela (')
blue 
nyemit lagit (')
yellow 
nyemit (')
green 
nyemit uro' (')
orange 
urin (')
purple 
nyemit uvek lan / papel (')
brown 
lah tana(')

Transportation

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Kuri legah tiket tei ha' _____? (')
I want to buy one ticket to _____. 
Akui ngenep bele' ji tiket tei ha' _____. (')
Where does this car/bus go? 
Kelita' / Bes anih tei ha' ino' du? (')
Where is the car/bus to _____? 
Ha' ino' kui deng ala kelita'/bes tei ha' _____ du? (...)
Does this car/bus stop in _____? 
Tren/bes anih ngeta' ha'_____ du? (...)
What time does the car/bus leave for _____? 
Pukun kuri kelita'/bes anih leka' tei ha' _____ du? (...)
When will this car/bus arrive in _____? 
Pukun kuri kelita' / bes anih ateng ha' _____ du? (...)

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Nuno seng tei ha'_____ ? (...)
...the bus station? 
...padang bes?
...the airport? 
...padang bilun? (...)
...downtown? 
...pasen? (...)
...______ house
... uma ________ ? (...)
Where are there a lot of... 
Ha' ino' te' kahum... (...)
...hotels? 
...hutil / ngavan melo'? (...)
...restaurants? 
...kedei kuman? (...)
...sites to see? 
...ngavan aleng sayu en lawat / nyineng / tei? (...)
Please show me on the map. 
Nujo' men akui ha' kelatet anih. (')
street 
alan (...)
Turn left. 
Tei pedah ta'o. (...)
Turn right. 
Tei pedah hulei. (...)
left 
ta'o (...)
right 
hulei (...)
straight ahead 
tutau (...)
towards the _____ 
jeleng _____ (...)
past the _____ 
lipes _____ (...)
before the _____ 
em pian _____ (...)
Watch for the _____. 
Nyineng _____. (...)
intersection 
sipang (...)


5 comments:

Anonymous said...

Really great article with very interesting information. You might want to follow up to this topic!?! 2012

Anonymous said...

Where could I find the Kayan-English Dictionary?

- DD

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