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Monday, December 5, 2011

Dayak Embaloh/Memaloh's Influence in a Baju Buri or Burie of Iban Rajang.

When i was young & growing up in Katibas Song, Kapit...I'm always wondering why among us in the Long House(Rumah Panjai)  there is  a  MEMALOH People living among Iban(how Iban calls them until today).One Long House "always"  has one Memaloh Family in Katibas.
BAJU BURIE /BURI is a Vest from the Dayak Iban of Borneo(LINK)
A graphically abstract vest from the Iban Dayak of Borneo. Nassa shells are sewn on black cotton in the form of an aso, the mythical dragon beast of Borneo.
Dayak Memaloh,also known as "Urakng Banuaka" or Dayak Tamambalo/Tamankapuas came from the interior of Kapuas River in KalimantanBarat.They can be found in KapuasUlu and and some migrated to Sarawak.The Memaloh are good in sword-making and they travel to the other Dayak villages to make sword for the warrior and costume accessories for the maiden.(Source:Borneo United)

According to  my Memaloh 's Friend(Alexiato Simuker)..

"Urangk Taman/Embaloh are always welcome to Iban Longhouse( especially in BATANG RAJANG AREA) compared to the other ethnic because Memaloh are good at handwork and you can see most Iban accessories were done by Memaloh metal-smith....that why Iban People never hunted the MEMALOH's HEAD during an ancient days..since they have a MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING....& that why every longhouses at  my Hometown KATIBAS..One MEMALOH 's family settled down  there until now has  been assimilated as an Iban (with weird accent)

ORIGIN:pakaian urakng banuak'a dari Batang Embaloh.Iban don't wear this anymore since they have better colourful costumes.
PRETTY SHELL EMBROIDERY(BAJU BURIE /BURI of IBAN):IBAN or Sea Dayak women show great skill and taste in the designs which they trace in shells upon their short cotton skirts and long-bodied sleeved jackets(Photo Right  TAKEN at BEVERLY HOTEL 's LOBBY,MIRI,Sarawak)


About BANUAK'A orTAMAMBALO/EMBALOH/MEMALOH
 Banuak'a OR Benuaqs is from Btg Embaloh ,East Kalimantan also known as Tamambalo.The Iban called them Memaloh,short form of people of Embaloh.

Memaloh is not sub-ethnic of Iban,Memaloh speak different language and different culture.Memaloh is sub-ethnic of Banuak'a just like Taman,Palin,Lauh,Kalis.But Banuak'a are bilingual and can speak neighboring Iban and Kaya'an language. Kantuq is one of Iban sub-ethnic group and they speak Ibanic dialect.         


BAJU BURI or BURIE..Origin from IBAN(SEA DAYAK) of KAPIT,Sarawak..capture from
KUMANG SARIBAS ..Veeky's Blog.
DAYAK TAMAN MEMALOH traditional costume that using
the EMBRODEIRY technique just like BAJU BURI/BURIE OF IBAN KAPIT.

Dayak Memaloh Traditional Dance during BORNEO HONBILL FESTIVAL KL 2011 at Malaysia Tourism Centre(July 2011).

  HISTORY OF DAYAK ETHNIC.

Common interpretations in modern anthropology agree that nearly all indigenous peoples of South East Asia, including the Dayaks, are descendants of a larger more common Austronesian migration from Asia, regarded to have settled in the South East Asian Archipelago some 3,000 years ago. The first populations spoke various languages and dialects now termed under the collective Austronesian Lingua, from which Dayak languages are traced. About 2,450 years ago, metallurgy was introduced and subsequently became widespread.

The main ethnic groups of Dayaks are the Bakumpai and Dayak Bukit of South Kalimantan, The Ngajus, Baritos, Benuaqs of East Kalimantan, the Kayan and Kenyah groups and their subtribes in Central Borneo and the Ibans, Embaloh (Maloh), Kayan, Kenyah, Penan, Kelabit, Lun Bawang and Taman populations in the Kapuas and Sarawak regions. Other populations include the Ahe, Jagoi, Selakau, Bidayuh, and Kutais.

The Dayak people of Borneo possess an indigenous account of their history, partly in writing and partly in common cultural customary practices. In addition, colonial accounts and reports of Dayak activity in Borneo detail carefully cultivated economic and political relationships with other communities as well as an ample body of research and study considering historical Dayak migrations. 

In particular, the Iban or the Sea Dayak exploits in the South China Seas are documented, owing to their ferocity and aggressive culture of war against sea dwelling groups and emerging Western trade interests in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Coastal populations in Borneo are largely Muslim in belief, however these groups (Ilanun, Melanau, Kadayan, Bakumpai, Bisayah) are generally considered to be Islamized Dayaks, native to Borneo, and governed by the relatively high cultural influences of the Javanese Majapahit Kingdoms and Islamic Malay Sultanates, periodically covering South East Asian history.

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